The Facts About Income Tax Millions faithfully file their 1040 forms each April. But some things about federal income taxes may surprise you. Share | Related Content Does Your Child Need to File an Income Tax Return? When your child has income, there’s a good chance that he or she will need to report it and pay taxes. Death is No Excuse The federal government requires deceased individuals to file a final income tax return. You May Need to Make Estimated Tax Payments If… Have income that isn’t subject to tax withholding? Or insufficient withholdings? You may have to pay estimated taxes.